Crop production

Lugovik turfy: description, landing, application

Being engaged in gardening of the house adjoining territory or the device of a flower bed, sometimes gardeners have a desire to give a site simplicity and naturalness. This immediately raises the question of what can be planted among garden compositions, so that they most closely resemble an elegant natural meadow or glade. Here come to the aid of various plants of the family of cereals, which have long and firmly taken their place in landscape design. Of them for landscaping pike soddy well or soddy meadow is well suited.

general description

Today you can buy the seeds of this plant and beautifully plant on your site, forming your own landscape. But if you walk along the river bank or the marshland, then you will surely find dozens of adult “pikes” from which you can collect seeds. Turf meadow is a surprisingly tenacious, beautiful and interesting plant. They form dense turfs and hummocks. They love wet meadows and shores of ponds, fields and pastures. The grassland grassy, ​​with all its decorativeness, is a harmful weed.

Characteristic

The main advantage of this species (if viewed as a garden decoration) is vitality. Seeds germinate in almost any conditions, and the adult meadow turfy is unpretentious. The roots of the plant go deep into the ground. In the meadows, they can reach 70 cm, and in the marshes about 20 cm. The stems are straight, up to 100 cm. The inflorescence is presented as a beautiful multi-spike panicle, which fits very well into any landscape. Panicle sprawling, large, about 25 cm in length.

Lugovik turfy ("pike") belongs to the family of cereals. The inflorescence consists of small spikelets. Spikelet scales uneven, at the base they may be purple, and along the edges yellow or green. A whisk can be used to make dry bouquets. They look very elegant at home in the winter, especially if you find a suitable vase.

Spring shoots

With a relatively low temperature in early spring, the first shoots begin to appear, it is a grassy meadow grass that emerges from the ground. The description would be incomplete, if not to say about an amazing gift, exceptional vitality. If you are going to grow "pike" on your plot, then you can sow it before winter. Seeds will undergo a natural stratification, and in the spring you will receive strong and amicable shoots.

Lugovik turfy (“pike” turfy) begins to bloom in early summer, releasing a luxurious panicle. It is on it that numerous seeds ripen, which by the middle of summer will begin to crumble. Of course, you do not need to trim a beautiful panicle. It is enough to know one rule, the seeds do not germinate when embedded into the soil by 5 cm or more. That is, in the fall it will be enough to dig up the land on the plot, and in the spring you will not have a friendly growth.

Plant development

In the first year of life "pike soddy" bushes. A gardener can control this process by constantly trimming off the excess. Otherwise, as a result, the plant forms thick turfs, which gradually turn into spectacular hummocks. Only in the second year there is a panicle, now the "pike" can bloom and bear fruit. Stems grow with great speed, new shoots appear.

It is this property and causes damage to the plant. The formation of hummocks leads to a change in the surface of the soil in the meadows and pastures. It becomes bumpy and unfit for mowing. Leaves of old plants are unsuitable as hay. That is, the "pike" displaces other herbs, and is useless as a feed.

Using the "pike"

This is a very beautiful, ornamental grass plant. It is often used in the design of the dacha. This is a very convenient plant, as it grows quickly, requiring almost no maintenance. But without landing attention can not be left. The fact is that the plant develops very quickly, so the extra stems and leaves need to be removed in a timely manner, otherwise you will get an ugly bump.

But even after the flowering period is over, flexible and long leaves and straws can be used to stuff mattresses and pillows, and some craftsmen make various crafts from this raw material.

Perfect condition on any site

This is one of the main reasons why the "pike" has become a favorite of gardeners. She feels great on almost any soil, ranging from marshy and sandy, although the latter is not typical for its growth. Thanks to various varieties, especially variegated, she became a favorite with gardeners. In summer, at temperatures above +25 degrees, the plant hibernates, while fully maintaining its decorative effect.

“Pike” turned out to be a convenient and fertile material for the development of new forms and varieties. Their main differences are in the length of the leaves, spikelet shades, height of peduncles and other indicators.

Agrotechnology

"Pike" prefers to grow in moist soil, at moderate temperatures. If there is a plot near the garden pond, where there is constant dampness and does not want to settle down anymore, then this is the ideal place for this weed. Too high temperatures can cause a loss of decoration, especially with insufficient soil moisture.

It prefers to grow in the sun, but it will be nice to feel in partial shade, however, in this case it does not bloom so abundantly. If the plant was planted on sandy soils, then it needs constant watering. In the marshy lowlands you can not moisten additionally. In the spring you can feed with nitrogen or universal fertilizers.

Varieties

Lugovik turfy Goldtau is the largest of all existing today. Reaches a height of 170 cm, and the width of the bush - up to 50 cm. Very elegant grass, forming a dense bush. The leaves are thin, not dying off for the winter. Spreading panicles golden yellow. The plant blooms in June and July. Winter hardiness zone - 4. This means that the plant tolerates cold temperatures down to -35 degrees. Drought-resistant, but requires frequent watering at temperatures above +25 degrees.

The Goldschleier sodden meadow is another popular form of plant that is often used to decorate gardens. The height of the grass is up to 1 meter, the width of the bush is up to 50 cm. It keeps the shape of the bush well, as it grows rather slowly. Especially beautiful during flowering, at this time the inflorescences are golden yellow. Gradually they grow dull and turn grayish. Do not forget that the plant is large, so you need to successfully choose a place for planting.

Northern Lights

This variety is suitable for those who need to emphasize the beauty of a small pond, which does not want to close a large bushes. Height about 30 cm, does not bloom. This is a minus and plus, the absence of seeds does not give him the opportunity to attempt on the rest of the garden. Leaves are green, with a white longitudinal stripe. In cool weather, it can become pink. By autumn, the leaves become brownish. Winter-hardy, can grow in partial shade, any soil, but always moist.

Lugovik or pike soddy plant description

Plants of the genus Lugovikov, family of cereals have not only a large number of natural species, but also varieties bred from them. This also applies to pike soddy. The plant gained popularity primarily because:

  • it is unpretentious
  • forms a dense bump - turf
  • many years growing in one place
  • has attractive leaves and inflorescences
  • can keep decorative until the spring
  • has many decorative varieties
  • combines well with other plants

Pike soddy plant perennial. Depending on the variety, the average height of the bushes is from 0.2 m to 1.7 m. The leaves are narrow, rarely more than 0.5 cm wide, long, hard, folded in half along the entire length. The upper side of the leaf plate is covered with numerous rows of miniature spikes, they are directed to the top of the sheet, increasing its rigidity.

Inflorescence - panicles, collected from almost horizontal spikelets. The length of the panicles, depending on the variety, varies from 7 cm to 25 cm. During the flowering period, the varieties may differ in color of the inflorescences, but when ripe, many become golden-wheat or bronze-brown in color.

The leaves, stems and roots form a soddy hummock, for which the plant is called the meadow turf or pike sod. In the first two years, the shoots of the pike soddy exist in a shortened state, after which a pair of internodes form on them, and already after this a rosette of leaves of the second tier is formed. This process takes another two years.

After the plant is formed in two tiers, there comes a period of flowering. In most cases, it is not necessary to wait for pike to bloom before the age of five; sometimes flowers can be seen only in the seventh year of life. It should be said that the wild-growing species is prone to fairly aggressive growth. Instead of an ornamental plant, you can get a malicious and omnipresent weed, so it is better to choose varietal meadows for growing in the garden.

Planting material

Planting material for the garden can be both seeds and parts of the plant, separated from the parent bush. Taking into account the fact that many cultural species are hybrid, a plant unlike parent can grow from seeds, therefore it is best to use a bush dividing method for planting. The size of the separated parts should be about 15 cm in diameter. The best time to divide pike bushes is spring and autumn.

Lighting and soil

In order for the pike to bloom regularly and abundantly, it is better for her to choose a place well lit by the sun, if the area is in the shade, then the pike may not bloom. The plant is adapted to grow on any mechanical composition, acid - base reaction and soil fertility. Although, if you make the minimum amount of organic and mineral fertilizers, then on this ground a soddy meadow grows better and has a more decorative and neat appearance.

For planting you need to dig a planting hole, a little deeper than the size of the bush requires. Install part of the hummock in the pit and close it with earth, while planting the hummock you need to dig a little. After that, water well. You need to water in the first two weeks after planting. It is not necessary to transplant a grassy meadow grassland, if the weather is already hot outside with an average daily temperature above +20.

In the future, the plant requires regular watering only in a very dry summer. To prevent self-seeding, you can remove flower stalks and periodically trim a bump. If the bump with age began to look "bald" and untidy, then it's time to dig it up and divide it.

The best varieties for the garden will be:

  • Bronzeschleier - stems above 1.5 m, maintains a decorative appearance throughout the year
  • Goldtau - tall variety with attractive golden color panic
  • Tardiflora - medium height up to 0.9 m, later variety

There are many more hybrid forms and varieties that are in perfect harmony with the plants in the garden.

Use of pike turfy in the garden and in medicine

In the garden, a meadow grass creates beautiful compositions primarily with:

  • irises
  • bouzulniki
  • astilbos
  • daylilies
  • heather

Tall varieties can be grown near various vertical walls. In addition to decorative applications, grass or pike turfy are used in medicine, both in official and in folk. Currently, the official medicine recognized antiviral activity of drugs from pike soddy.

They effectively help to cope with viral diseases such as influenza, hepatitis. Currently, the release of the drug for the whole family called proteflazid.

At home, you can use decoctions and infusions of dried plants, they are good at the first sign of cold and flu, and baths from pike soddy will help to cope with skin problems.

Planting pike soddy

Pike grows well in the sun and in the shade, although, of course, in a bright place it blooms more abundantly.

Prefers wet places.

It grows on any soils, clay and sandy, acidic, neutral and alkaline, poor and fertile (it grows faster on them). A landing pit is prepared depending on the size of the planting material: it is better to slightly dig the bump in order to no longer need to replant and rejuvenate the plant.

After planting, the soil is well spilled. The first 1-2 weeks, if there is no rain or sandy soil in the garden, water frequently.

Botanical description

The height of the bush varies from 20 cm to 2 m. The rosette is formed by a set of elongated leaf plates with a width of not more than 0.5 cm. They are rigid and dense. The surface of the sheet plates is covered with grooves running in parallel, the flip side is flat. The hummock has a dark green color, by the autumn the inflorescences and the leaves become yellowish straw hue.

The special density of the undergrowth is not different. Sods are loose, the stems are thin and smooth, the height of the bush is up to half a meter. The sheet plates are very thin, acquire a creeping shape, occupying a diameter of 30-40 cm. The color is bright green and remains in winter.

Grass pike soddy photo in the garden

Flowering begins in late June. Paniculate inflorescences consist of miniature horizontally positioned spikelets. Depending on the cultivar, the length of the panicle is 7–25 cm; at the peak of flowering, they are capable of reaching half a meter length. At the beginning of flowering inflorescences drooping, but eventually branch out, become fluffy, like a little cloud. They are golden brown in color, have a slight luster.

Inflorescences are paniculate, branched, whitish. Flowers bloom when cool. This representative Lugovikov is a real weed on the garden plot, if you do not limit it in growth.

Application

For agriculture is a harmful weed. In landscape design has found wide application, for this purpose, many varieties are bred. Can be used as a ground cover or plant for alpine slides, rock arias.

The culture is cold resistant. The period of active growth begins in early spring. In summer, during a severe drought, it is in a state of relative rest, reborn with the onset of autumnal coolness. Favorable air temperature for plant development is 25 ° C.

Lugovik turfy: description, landing, application

Weeds are a scourge of gardeners and gardeners, and they spend most of their time fighting them. However, there are pleasant exceptions.

So, a strong and tenacious weed meadow grassy learned to use for decorative purposes.

This plant, each of you saw in the meadows, it willingly grows along the rivers, reminding a small hummock from which a grass whisk grows.

Using the "pike"

This is a very beautiful, ornamental grass plant. It is often used in the design of the dacha.

This is a very convenient plant, as it grows quickly, requiring almost no maintenance. But without landing attention can not be left.

The fact is that the plant develops very quickly, so the extra stems and foliage need to be removed in a timely manner, otherwise you will get an ugly bump.

But even after the flowering period is over, flexible and long leaves and straws can be used to stuff mattresses and pillows, and some craftsmen make various crafts from this raw material.

Growing varieties

Varieties of pike soddy are not always easily distinguishable. They have different lengths of leaves, height, various shades of spikelets.

'Bronzeschleier' - one of the tallest varieties (up to 170 cm), characterized by high resistance and beautiful views.Panicles can be both green at the time of disclosure of color, and brown with a bronze tint and are able to maintain a decorative appearance almost until early spring.

'Fairy’s Joke' - variety, which is characterized by unusual rather than attractive appearance. This self-propagating variety, it gives instead of seeds miniature young plants ready for breeding. Up to 90 cm in diameter up to 60 cm

'Goldgehänge' - a variety with yellow panicles with a golden hue. Height up to 130 cm, diameter up to 60 cm

'Goldschleier' - one of the highest grades (up to 175 cm), upright and slender, but its decoration can lose quite quickly - in a month and a half.

'Goldstaub' - A variety up to 75 cm in height with very dark leaves and light panicles in yellow tones.

'Goldtau' - a variety whose height is up to 1 m has foliage that is quite interesting with dark red tips. It grows relatively slowly, so it is convenient for use in decorative compositions.

'Ladywood Gold' - a grade up to 90 cm in height with golden-yellow foliage.

'Northen Lights' - undersized variety (up to 25 cm), having leaves with longitudinal stripes of white with a creamy tint of color, in cool weather they can turn pink. Grows slowly enough, it blooms infrequently. Leaves may show signs of rust.

'Schottland' - powerful upright variety more than a meter in height with dark green leaves and slightly greenish panicles, eventually turning yellow.

'Tardiflora' - Late flowering variety that feels best in a cool and shady place, because it is rusting at high temperatures.

'Tauträger' - A variety with a height of up to one meter, which blooms worse than all the others, has, when blooming, quickly turning yellow panicles with a blue tint.

'Waldschatt' - the least heat-affected variety up to 90 cm high, which is recommended for cultivation in the southern climate.

Lighting and location

The plant is very picky: it will grow in the sun and in the shady area, although it blooms much better in a bright sunny place. Preference nevertheless gives wet places. The pike turfy feels rather well in any light, only in a sunny, bright place it blooms better, and it is more comfortable to grow up in a cool shady one. The optimum temperature for it is +25 ° C. Very high temperatures may adversely affect the plant.

Pike, or turf meadow, description, photo, growing conditions

Of cereals widespread pike, or meadow turf (De schampsia caespitosa)- A plant with coarse, rigid leaves that is hardly eaten by livestock.

Grows in the form of large turfs and belongs to the number of dense-custy grasses.

It is very easy to recognize it even by one leaf.

They are quite narrow and thickish at the same time. Bottom sheet has a flat surface, and the top is cut by deep longitudinal grooves running parallel.

The upper side of the leaf blade is covered with the smallest tenacious spines. When you run your finger over the surface of the sheet from its top to the base, you feel how the spines cling to the skin.

Such leaves in our other cereals do not exist. Inflorescence pikes - loose sprawling panicle beautiful silver color. Separate spikelets forming a panicle, very small, barely distinguishable with the naked eye.

Pike one of the most ornamental grasses. This plant comes from our places, you can often find a pike on wet meadows, along roadsides.

Dark green foliage forms a neat bump about 20-30 cm tall, and in the middle of summer the mass of flowering spikelets turns the pike into a huge air cloud.

The height of spikelets reaches 120-150 cm. It grows early. Easy and reliable plant for any conditions, except for very hot and dry places. The sun blooms more abundantly, loves moisture.

In early spring, last year’s foliage should be cut short so as not to spoil the look, because it can be seen for quite some time. Used as an accent, gorgeous in mass.

Many varieties with spikelets of different colors were developed - from bronze to golden.

The whisk at dissolution is compressed, slightly drooping, during flowering - loose, spreading with numerous shiny spikelets.

In the sun, flower stalks reach a height of 1.2 m, and in some varieties - 1.7 m. At the end of summer - in autumn, they acquire yellow-orange shades and retain a straw color in winter, until they fall under the snow.

Pike soddy refers to the plants of cold-seasonal nature of growth: it starts to grow in early spring at fairly low temperatures and high soil moisture. In July, when the temperature exceeds 25 ° C and the soil dries out, the pike falls into a dormant period. Closer to the fall, when it gets cold and the rains begin, it starts moving again.

Pike early in growth, so you need as soon as possible to start pruning foliage and stems.

Late with pruning, we can get a "gray" sloppy bump: young green leaves are interspersed with old, partially dead in winter.

Of course, by the middle of summer the old leaves will still close on top of the young.

However, last year's green foliage, preserved after the winter, suffers more from the summer heat and is more prone to rust.

Therefore, in the spring the foliage is better to cut low with shears - “under the hedgehog”.

Not bad at once to comb out the dry leaves and the remnants of last year's stems with small rake.

Young foliage grows quickly, and after a couple of weeks the bump acquires a completely decorative look. It happens that it was not possible to cut the leaves early in the spring.

In this case, in cool regions, you can do this until the end of May. Later, it is better not to risk and cut the bottom layer of old dead leaves, when the young ones cover it by the middle of summer.

If you remove the flower stalks and periodically trim the leaves that grow strongly, then the pikes can be used in a regular garden. Peduncles should be removed when their height reaches 20-30 cm. Cut them as low as possible.

Planting pike soddy

Pike grows well in the sun and in the shade, although, of course, in a bright place it blooms more abundantly.

Prefers wet places.

It grows on any soils, clay and sandy, acidic, neutral and alkaline, poor and fertile (it grows faster on them). A landing pit is prepared depending on the size of the planting material: it is better to slightly dig the bump in order to no longer need to replant and rejuvenate the plant.

After planting, the soil is well spilled. The first 1-2 weeks, if there is no rain or sandy soil in the garden, water frequently.

Reproduction and transplantation of pike turfy

Species specimens multiply by seeds and can become just a malicious weed in the garden. Cultivars often also give self-seeding, in which parental signs are not reproduced.

Varietal pikes are propagated by division in April-May. In June, the weather is hot, and dividing a plant that stops growing can lead to failure.

It is optimal if at high humidity the temperature does not exceed +20 ° C.

Old, strongly sticking out of the ground or lost decorative (“balding”) hummocks, it is advisable to dig and divide into the required number of plants, planting them again. It is possible to divide a bump, chopping it with a sharp shovel, into rather small delenki, so long as they keep the roots.

The optimal diameter of the delenka is 10-15 cm: in 2-3 years we will get an adult abundantly flowering plant.

If the planting material is simply necessary, it can be separated from any hummock without digging it up with a shovel or saw 1-2, without compromising the decorative effect. The resulting empty space must be covered with earth, watered and compacted.

Summer

At that time pike partially or completely stops growing. The specimens growing in the sun are pretty hard. In case of drought, the plant in autumn may not leave the state of rest. Therefore, on hot days, if there is no rain, the pike should be watered.

With a decrease in temperature and an increase in precipitation, the second period of growth begins. Again, you can plant and replant, share a pike as well as in the spring months.

Pay attention to this:

Pike. Planting, reproduction, care, varieties, photos on Supersadovnik.ru

Decorative and economic qualities

poor, fertile, average fertility, drained, acidic, neutral, alkaline, sandy, sandy, loamy, clayey, slightly acidic

direct sunlight, partial shade

Due to the evergreen leaves, forming a neat round bump, and a huge mass of spikelets, this unpretentious cereal is very decorative. Narrow leaves (0.5–3 mm) grow to a length of 30–40 cm.

Flowers appear in late June - early July, changing their color as they mature. The whisk at dissolution is compressed, slightly drooping, during flowering - loose, spreading with numerous shiny spikelets.

In the sun, flower stalks reach a height of 1.2 m, and in some varieties - 1.7 m. At the end of summer - in autumn, they acquire yellow-orange shades and retain a straw color in winter, until they fall under the snow.

Pike soddy refers to the plants of cold-seasonal nature of growth: it starts to grow in early spring at fairly low temperatures and high soil moisture.

In July, when the temperature exceeds 25 ° C and the soil dries out, the pike falls into a dormant period. Closer to the fall, when it gets cold and the rains begin, it starts moving again.

Sorta

Many varieties of pike soddy differ in the length of the leaves, the height of the peduncles and the various shades of spikelets. Not all cultivars are very different from each other. So, Schottland, Tardiflora, Tautrager, Waldschatt are very similar.

Bronzeschleier

Height 1.7 m, diameter up to 75 cm. One of the most beautiful and resistant varieties. Panicles change color from greenish (when opened) to bronze brown. Spikelets on the stalks spread out like a broad fan retain their decorativeness until spring.

Fairy’s Joke

Height 60–90 cm, diameter 45–60 cm. A vivifying cultivar that produces tiny young plants instead of seeds. Rather unusual than beautiful.

Goldgehänge

Height is 1.2–1.3 m, diameter is 50–60 cm. Blooming panicles are golden-yellow, peduncles sometimes droop.

Goldschleier

Height 1.75 m, diameter 0.5 m. Erect peduncles make the plant very slender. True, in 1–1.5 months the panicles lose their decorativeness.

Goldstaub

Height 60–75 cm, diameter 45–60 cm. The foliage is very dark. Panicle at the dissolution of light yellow.

Goldtau

Height is 1 m, diameter is 0,5 m. Leaves with dark red tips are interesting. It grows more slowly than previous varieties (you can rarely divide), so it is convenient to use in regular compositions.

Ladywood gold

Height is 90 cm, diameter is 45–50 cm. The descendant of Goldtau pike with golden yellow leaves in spring.

Northhen lights

Height 25 cm, diameter 30 cm. Leaves with creamy white longitudinal stripes, sometimes slightly turning pink in cold weather. It grows slowly, blooms rarely and lightly. On the leaves often appears rust. It is better to first grow this pike in shkolke.

Schottland

Height 90–120 cm, diameter 40–60 cm. Powerful cultivar with dark green leaves and slightly greenish, later yellowing panicles. Flower stalks stand straight.

Tardiflora

Height up to 90 cm, diameter 40–60 cm. Blooms a bit later than other varieties. Suffering from rust during hot periods, it is best grown in areas with a cool climate or in shady compositions.

Tauträger

Height is 1 m, diameter is 0,6 m. Blossoms more weakly, than other cultivars. Bluish panicles when blooming quickly turn yellow.

Waldschatt

Height 60–90 cm, diameter does not exceed 30 cm. Dark brown panicles. It suffers less from the summer heat, so it can be recommended for southern areas.

Pike winding (Deschampsia flexuosa)

Another decorative look. Forms a dense curtain, like pike soddy, but more elegant, up to 30–40 cm in diameter. The height in bloom is up to 50–60 cm. Filamentous leaves lie down as they grow. It grows best on acidic fertile soils, in bright places or in partial shade.

On limed soils falls. In the summer, part of the foliage may fade, it must be carefully removed. Share in spring and autumn. Effective cultivar Aurea (Tatra Gold) with bright yellow-green foliage, especially at the beginning of summer.

In the middle lane, it blooms rarely and not large, so it is not weed.

Use in design

  • Long foliage, beautiful form of air inflorescences, ease of cultivation make the pike in demand in various garden compositions. This is one of the canonical plants of natural flower gardens in the style of Piet Udolf.
  • Pike is well combined with plants that have other leaves and inflorescences in shape (astilbe, bouzulniki, rogers, echinacea, hosts, daylilies). Very impressive composition with lilies, Siberian and marsh irises.
  • A pike can be used as an accent, for example, on a lawn - then you will not have to remove self-seeding, it will not endure frequent cutting. Pike looks great when it is covered in the morning with dew or frost at the first autumn frosts. Her straw autumn coloring is also interesting.
  • For some time pike is considered one of the classic partners of roses.

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How to grow a turfy meadow in the suburbs: planting and care

Caring for your backyard often takes a lot of time, so sometimes gardeners simplify their lives and plant perennial herbaceous plants.

They are unpretentious, grow on almost any type of soil, create spectacular greenery, give the garden a well-groomed look and delight the eye for years.

These plants also include the so-called meadow pike (a soddy meadow), which causes many problems for cattle feed producers in the natural habitat of their habitats, namely, in the fields, along roads, streams, in lowland ravines. The fact is that with uncontrolled growth, it forms large bumps and clumps, thereby changing the once flat terrain.

On the contrary, transferred from fields to a garden cultivated by man, this culture shows itself completely from the new side: lush green bushes with refined leaves and a golden whisk add special refinement and harmony to the “abandoned” corner of the garden.

Lugovik turfy - a representative of the extensive family of cereals.

This is a perennial herb, height from 20 cm to 1.7 m, depending on the variety. Leaves narrow (0.5 cm), strong, rich green color.

On the outer side of the sheet there are slightly noticeable spikes, giving it a characteristic stiffness.

Inflorescence - a panicle consisting of a set of silvery spikelets.

At the beginning of flowering (end of June), they look a little wilted, each day expanding more and more, add volume, and become like a fluffy ball.

For the flowers of the pike, a change in color is observed as it ripens, as well as in general, for the whole plant — as autumn approaches, the leaves and stems acquire a golden straw hue, then grow dull and so leave to winter.

Another feature of this plant is that the period of active growth falls on a period with lower temperatures - autumn and spring, in summer, when the temperature is high enough, it is at rest.

The leaves, the stem and the roots form a soddy hummock, so it is not recommended to take wild grass and transfer it to the garden, such forms adapt and reproduce as a weed rather quickly, the process is difficult to control. For cultivation on the plot, special, less aggressive and more ornamental varieties of a sod meadow are bred.

Types and varieties most suitable for growing in the garden:

  • “Goldschleier”, tall, up to 1.7 m, erect stems, panicles of a golden color, but rather quickly lose their attractiveness.
  • "Goldgehange", in appearance similar to the previous variety, differs drooping flower stalks and a smaller height, up to 1.2 m.
  • "Bronzeschleier", height up to 1.7 m, one of the most beautiful representatives of its kind. Panicles, when flowering, have a green color, after changing it to a bronze or brown. Decorative effect persists for a long time, almost until spring.
  • "Goldtau", height up to 1 m, a characteristic feature - slow growth, therefore, is more often used to create regular compositions. It has beautiful green foliage with reddish tips.
  • "Goldstaub", a low-growing variety of soddy meadow, up to 0.7 m tall. It features a contrasting combination of dark green foliage and light yellow panicles.
  • Northen Lights, the smallest (up to 20 cm tall), an extraordinary beauty representative. On the green leaves there are bright, beige stripes that change color to pink as the temperature decreases. In relation to other varieties, it is characterized by slow growth and infrequent flowering.

Choosing a landing site

When choosing a place for planting, first of all you need to decide on what the plant is grown for. The fact is that if you need to get lush green, it is better to choose a slightly shaded, moist area.

If the purpose of the landing is a powerful flowering - sunny. Only in this case the desired result will be obtained.

In general, any soil and place is suitable for a soddy meadow, it is unpretentious, it will grow everywhere, but moisture is more demanding, therefore, with good light, frequent watering will be necessary.

Vegetative reproduction

In autumn or spring, daughter bushes of at least 10 cm in size are separated from the main bush with a sharp shovel.

The young growth is laid out in a pre-prepared trench so that all the roots are underground, covered with soil and watered abundantly.

The distance between adjacent plants is 1-1.2 m, since they grow fast.

Seed propagation

Sowing grassy turf is made in open ground, before winter. Seeds are placed in the excavated soil, and no embedding is required.

They have a very high vitality and germination, so they are not afraid of frosts.

There is also a negative quality of such “vitality” - a high possibility of self-seeding, because of which the flower bed can turn into a real weed.

This process can be controlled by cutting panicles in time, or, if you want to preserve the decorative effect until the end of the season, by digging up the soil before winter. In this case, the seeds move to the lower layers of the soil, when seeding more than 15 cm, they lose their germination.

Care during growth

Care of a plant consists in timely watering and autumn or spring pruning. When all the leaves and stems have turned yellow, have lost their decorative effect, all the old parts are removed with a sharp sheath, with the exception of the root.

If the removal occurs in spring, you should not regret the green part of the foliage remaining after wintering - a young, juicy, green, bright growth will very soon replace it.

If you do not prune the meadow at all - this bush will look very not aesthetically pleasing.

Diseases and pests

Disease meadow grass is not susceptible to diseases and the pests did not like it.

The only thing with which difficulties may arise is the appearance of rust on the leaves.

It is the result of improper (insufficiently short) trimming of foliage, as a result of which it cannot cope with the summer heat.

Lugovik, with proper care, is capable of striking in its beauty, riot of colors, power, rigidity and at the same time refinement, tenderness. Often it is used in the so-called Moorish lawn, which is a mixture of herbs, cereals and flowers.

Looks good in the composition of a regular bed, for example with roses, or irises, lilies.

Some craftsmen make up incredible compositions from dry panicles that continue to delight the eye, not only in the garden, but also in winter evenings, decorating the home interior and recalling the approaching summer.

Reproduction and transplantation of pike turfy

Species specimens multiply by seeds and can become just a malicious weed in the garden. Cultivars often also give self-seeding, in which parental signs are not reproduced. Varietal pikes are propagated by division in April-May. In June, the weather is hot, and dividing a plant that stops growing can lead to failure. It is optimal if at high humidity the temperature does not exceed +20 ° C.

Old, strongly sticking out of the ground or lost decorative (“balding”) hummocks, it is advisable to dig and divide into the required number of plants, planting them again. It is possible to divide a bump, chopping it with a sharp shovel, into rather small delenki, so long as they keep the roots.

The optimal diameter of the delenka is 10-15 cm: in 2-3 years we will get an adult abundantly flowering plant.

If the planting material is simply necessary, it can be separated from any hummock without digging it up with a shovel or saw 1-2, without compromising the decorative effect. The resulting empty space must be covered with earth, watered and compacted.

Summer

At this time, the pike partially or completely stops growing. The specimens growing in the sun are pretty hard. In case of drought, the plant in autumn may not leave the state of rest. Therefore, on hot days, if there is no rain, the pike should be watered.

With a decrease in temperature and an increase in precipitation, the second period of growth begins. Again, you can plant and replant, share a pike as well as in the spring months. If you do not visit the garden late in autumn and in winter or if you are not interested in dried cereals, in late October - November you can cut flower stalks and leaves. Shelter does not require shelter for the winter.

Goldschleier

The size of this variety is somewhat smaller: height - 1 m, width - 0.5 m. Panicle spreading golden-yellow color. On the tips of the leaves have a dark red color. The growth process is very slow. When mature, it is an excellent option for decorating a garden.

Lugovik turfy (Latin Deschampsia cespitosa Goldschleier)

Medium size with sprawling buds. In peak flowering golden hue.

Lugovik turfy (Latin Deschampsia cespitosa Goldtau)

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poor, fertile, average fertility, drained, acidic, neutral, alkaline, sandy, sandy, loamy, clayey, slightly acidic

direct sunlight, partial shade

Due to the evergreen leaves, forming a neat round bump, and a huge mass of spikelets, this unpretentious cereal is very decorative. Narrow leaves (0.5–3 mm) grow to a length of 30–40 cm. The flowers appear in late June - early July, changing their color as they mature. The whisk at dissolution is compressed, slightly drooping, during flowering - loose, spreading with numerous shiny spikelets. In the sun, flower stalks reach a height of 1.2 m, and in some varieties - 1.7 m. At the end of summer - in autumn, they acquire yellow-orange shades and retain a straw color in winter, until they fall under the snow. Pike soddy refers to the plants of cold-seasonal nature of growth: it starts to grow in early spring at fairly low temperatures and high soil moisture. In July, when the temperature exceeds 25 ° C and the soil dries out, the pike falls into a dormant period. Closer to the fall, when it gets cold and the rains begin, it starts moving again.

Sorta

Many varieties of pike soddy differ in the length of the leaves, the height of the peduncles and the various shades of spikelets. Not all cultivars are very different from each other. So, Schottland, Tardiflora, Tautrager, Waldschatt very similar.

Bronzeschleier

Height 1.7 m, diameter up to 75 cm. One of the most beautiful and resistant varieties. Panicles change color from greenish (when opened) to bronze brown. Spikelets on the stalks spread out like a broad fan retain their decorativeness until spring.

Fairy’s Joke

Height 60–90 cm, diameter 45–60 cm. A vivifying cultivar that produces tiny young plants instead of seeds. Rather unusual than beautiful.

Goldgehänge

Height is 1.2–1.3 m, diameter is 50–60 cm. Blooming panicles are golden-yellow, peduncles sometimes droop.

Goldschleier

Height 1.75 m, diameter 0.5 m. Erect peduncles make the plant very slender. True, in 1–1.5 months the panicles lose their decorativeness.

Goldstaub

Height 60–75 cm, diameter 45–60 cm. The foliage is very dark. Panicle at the dissolution of light yellow.

Goldtau

Height is 1 m, diameter is 0,5 m. Leaves with dark red tips are interesting. It grows more slowly than previous varieties (you can rarely divide), so it is convenient to use in regular compositions.

Ladywood gold

Height is 90 cm, diameter is 45-50 cm. Descendants of a pike Goldtau with golden yellow leaves in spring.

Northhen lights

Height 25 cm, diameter 30 cm. Leaves with creamy white longitudinal stripes, sometimes slightly turning pink in cold weather. It grows slowly, blooms rarely and lightly. On the leaves often appears rust. It is better to first grow this pike in shkolke.

Schottland

Height 90–120 cm, diameter 40–60 cm. Powerful cultivar with dark green leaves and slightly greenish, later yellowing panicles. Flower stalks stand straight.

Tardiflora

Height up to 90 cm, diameter 40–60 cm. Blooms a bit later than other varieties. Suffering from rust during hot periods, it is best grown in areas with a cool climate or in shady compositions.

Tauträger

Height is 1 m, diameter is 0,6 m. Blossoms more weakly, than other cultivars. Bluish panicles when blooming quickly turn yellow.

Waldschatt

Height 60–90 cm, diameter does not exceed 30 cm. Dark brown panicles. It suffers less from the summer heat, so it can be recommended for southern areas.

Pike winding (Deschampsia flexuosa)

Another decorative look. Forms a dense curtain, like pike soddy, but more elegant, up to 30–40 cm in diameter. The height in bloom is up to 50–60 cm. Filamentous leaves lie down as they grow. It grows best on acidic fertile soils, in bright places or in partial shade. On limed soils falls. In the summer, part of the foliage may fade, it must be carefully removed. Share in spring and autumn. Effective cultivar Aurea (Tatra Gold) with bright yellow-green foliage, especially at the beginning of summer. In the middle lane, it blooms rarely and not large, so it is not weed.

Use in design

  • Long foliage, beautiful form of air inflorescences, ease of cultivation make the pike in demand in various garden compositions. This is one of the canonical plants of natural flower gardens in the style of Piet Udolf.
  • Pike is well combined with plants that have other leaves and inflorescences in shape (astilbe, bouzulniki, rogers, echinacea, hosts, daylilies). Very impressive composition with lilies, Siberian and marsh irises.
  • A pike can be used as an accent, for example, on a lawn - then you will not have to remove self-seeding, it will not endure frequent cutting. Pike looks great when it is covered in the morning with dew or frost at the first autumn frosts. Her straw autumn coloring is also interesting.
  • For some time pike is considered one of the classic partners of roses.

Tardiflora

Meter height plant, a characteristic feature is late flowering.

One of the closest relatives of the turfy meadow is a sinuous meadow. His home side are the countries of the European continent, Asia Minor, Japan, China. In contrast to the pike soddy, this representative of the flora loves arid forest areas that are not distinguished by special growth. This plant prefers pine forest, rare or old spruce deciduous. As for the plant itself, it forms friable tussocks, the average height is about 50 cm, the trunk is thin and smooth. The leaves are very thin, by virtue of their growth acquire a creeping shape, thus creating a kind of miniature flower bed with a diameter of thirty or forty centimeters. Panicles are friable, branched, whitish. This representative Lugovikov is a considerable pest on the garden plot.

Kindred Lugovik Derinisty - Lugovik winding

Flowers plants bloom in the evening at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees. Humidity should be quite high - from 60-85%. Inflorescences bloom for about four days. In winter, the leaves of the bush do not change their color, while remaining green.

Soil for pike

Turf meadow grass can grow in almost any soil: clay, acidic, sandy, neutral, alkaline, depleted. But, of course, he feels best in fertile soil and therefore grows faster. For planting a pike turfy, they dig a hole of such a size so that it can fit there with a whole bump and be deep enough. Then it will no longer need to replant and rejuvenate. After that, you need to plant and soil abundantly water. The first two weeks, especially if there is no rain or sandy soil, water frequently [/ url]. In general, the plant needs regular watering, especially in a dry season or when grown in sandy soil. In spring, a turfy grassland will not interfere with top dressing with a universal nutrient or nitrogen fertilizer.

How the plant multiplies

Pike soddy reproduces both with the help of seeds without growing seedlings, and when dividing the bush. Seeds are planted in the open soil before winter. Seeds germinate well, without difficulty and quickly. It should be noted that adult plants give self-sowing, then it becomes difficult to distinguish varieties, so if such a process is undesirable, then the inflorescences need to be cut off when they are flourishing in time. During vegetative reproduction, the pike bush is divided in early spring or in autumn. Old unsightly bumps can be dug, cut with a shovel, keeping the roots, into several separate parts with a diameter of a little more than ten centimeters. They are planted at a distance of one and a half meters, not forgetting to water abundantly.

If an adult plant has not lost its decorative value, then it is possible to separate one or two pieces from its hummocks with the same shovel without causing damage to the donor. The hole formed near it must be covered with earth, watered and compacted. Both methods are fairly simple and ensure the success of the breeding process.

Medicinal properties

The pike grass has a poorly nourished hard leaves, so for domestic animals it is not of particular interest, except that its young foliage, for farmers, is a malicious weed, after which it is necessary to fertilize the soil, but not many people know the healing properties of the plant. .

Pike soddy, or soddy meadow - is an interesting and rather controversial plant. But with skillful use, it will not bring any inconvenience, but only benefit.

Site selection for planting

Pike Sod Goldschleer Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ photo

The plant feels fine with any level of illumination.

For the abundant and regular flowering of the grassy turfy meadow, choose a place well lit by the sun's rays. Shading can hinder this process.

In a shady cool place the bush comfortably grow up. High temperatures may adversely affect the appearance of the plant, however, shady moist areas will be preferable.

This grass is tolerant to any soil.Desampsy is able to grow in lean, heavy clay soil, it can be neutral, acidic or alkaline.

Of course, the nutritional value of the soil contributes to the rapid growth. Before planting, it is better to fertilize depleted soil with a small amount of organic matter (compost, humus) or mineral fertilizers (nitrophoska). It grows well in ordinary garden soil.

Growing pike turfy from seed

Lugovik soddy decampse pike soddy seeds photo

Pike soddy easily propagated by seed sowing in open ground, possible self-seeding.

Hybrid forms are most often cultivated culturally; therefore, it is not advisable to collect seeds from such plants at the site or allow them to be sown. When sown, the plant’s distinctive features are lost. To ensure that everything goes well, purchase seed at specialized points of sale.

Sowing in the ground

  • Sowing spend the winter (about November).
  • Dig a plot, smooth, scatter the seeds on the surface, close up with a rake.
  • With the onset of spring heat you will be pleased with friendly shoots that should be thinned.
  • You can plant seedlings in separate areas, dig up the roots along with an earthy clod.

Adult plants produce abundant self-seeding - in this case it is difficult to distinguish varieties, such a process is undesirable. Therefore, it is necessary to remove faded spikelets in time.

Growing seedlings

Deshampsiya pike soddy seedling seedling photos

  • The seeds of deshampcia are planted on seedlings already from the end of February to the end of March.
  • Sow 3-4 seeds in separate cups, only slightly covering the ground.
  • Moisten from the pulveler and germinate in a warm place, covered with glass or film.
  • When the plants germinate, remove the shelter and lower the air temperature to 18-20 ° C so that the seedlings do not stretch.
  • Be sure to light up in poor light or a short light day.
  • Plants grow well with regular moderate watering and bright diffused lighting.
  • At the end of May, seedlings are planted in a flower bed, pre-hardened for two weeks.

Planting deshampsii in open ground

  • Dig landing pits across the width of the root system, but a little deeper.
  • The root system should fit entirely and even deepen a bit.
  • Place a tree or seedling in the hole, fill the ground, filling all the voids, lightly seal the soil with your hands, and pour plenty of water.
  • It is important to provide regular abundant watering for 14 days after planting.
  • Between individual plants keep a distance of 1-1.5 m.

How to spread out deshampsy

Vegetative reproduction of pike soddy is a division of the bush. This can be done both in spring and autumn.

Dig up the old unsightly bush, cut the shovel into several pieces with a diameter of about 10 cm, try to keep the roots intact.

If the bush has not yet lost its decorative effect (it is not time to replant), you can not dig it up, but separate several parts from the hummock using a sharp spade. The soil around the bush well water, dig, and separate several pieces.

Care for pike soddy

The plant needs regular watering. Especially this should take care when grown in dry sandy soil, as well as during periods of severe drought. Water well in spring to give the plant the power to build new green mass. In the summer, a soddy pike suspends growth, but this does not mean that watering should be stopped. On the contrary, maintaining soil moisture contributes to the resumption of growth in the fall.

Frequent feeding is not required. It is enough to apply complex mineral fertilizers with the beginning of the growing season (spring), focus on the proportion of nitrogen.

Trimming is an important part of care. After winter, the plant starts to bloom very early. If you do not prune in time, the old dry leaves are mixed with young ones. New foliage will quickly cover last year’s, but the last one after wintering over is vulnerable (rust may strike). Take a pruner and cut the leaves together with the stems, leaving a length of about 5 cm. To maintain the decorativeness during the warm season, also carry out light pruning.

Varieties of pike soddy with photos and names

Lugovik turkey pike Bronzenschlayer Deschampsia Cespitosa Bronzeschleier photo

Bronzeschleier - the height of the bush reaches 1.5, with a spread of 1 m in width. Blossoming inflorescences have a green color, with a time they become a bronze-brown shade. Keeps decorative until the spring.

Deshampsiya Goldshleer Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ photo

Goldschleier - it has a slow growth rate, every year the planting will be more and more beautiful, rejuvenation will take about 4-5 years. Parameters of the bush: height is 1 m, occupies a width of up to half a meter.

Pike soddy deschampsia cespitosa Goldgehänge photo

Goldgehänge - with a bush height of 1.3 m, it takes up to 60 cm in diameter. Panicle of yellow color with a golden shade.

Lugovik turkey deshampsia deschampsia cespitosa Goldstaub photo

Goldstaub - srednerosly bush up to 75 cm in height. Leaves are dark green in color, panicles are light yellow.

Goldtau - compact bush meter height. Notable for the dark green color of leaf plates with reddish tips. Growth rates are relatively slow - all this makes it very convenient for creating decorative compositions.

Lugovik turf deschampsia cespitosa Tauträger photo

Tauträger - bush height reaches 1 m. Paniculate inflorescences when blooming have a blue tint, quickly turn yellow.

Ladywood Gold - plant height is 90 cm. Feature - yellow-golden shade of leaves.

Lugovik turfy deschampsia cespitosa Northern Lights photo

Northern Lights - undersized bush (height is not more than 25 cm). The sheet plates are covered with longitudinal stripes of a white and cream color, at a cool temperature they turn pink. The growth rate is slow, it blooms not often. The grade is exposed to rust.

Schottland is capable of reaching a height of 1 m. The leaves are dark green in color, the inflorescences are greenish.

Tardiflora - the height of the bush is 1 m. It blooms later than the rest. Preferably grown in shady and cool place.

Fairy’s Joke - with a bush height of 90 cm, it reaches a diameter of 60 cm. Instead of seeds for breeding, it gives young shoots.

Pike turfy in landscape design

Pike turfy in landscape design photo

Due to the variety of varieties, plants of various heights can be selected, and they also differ in the shade of leaves and spikelets. They are decorative throughout the season. Thin leaves, covered with drops of dew or hoarfrost, look impressive.

Pike sodgy goldscleur Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ mixborder photo

Deshapsiya with air bubbles inflorescences successfully fit into any composition.

  • Low-growing deshampsii can be planted on an alpine slide, decorate the foot of trees or shrubs, decorate the garden path, included in the mixborder.
  • Medium and tall varieties look favorably among large stones, effectively solo on the site.
  • Planting group creates the impression of natural shoots.
  • Land at the edge of the reservoir.
  • You can land as an emphasis on the lawn - then self-seeding is only good.
  • The most original turf meadow grassland looks in combination with irises, lilies, roses, buzulnik, astilba, heather.

Useful properties of the plant

The plant is used by folk and official medicine.

  • Infusions and decoctions in the early stages of treating colds and flu. Baths take to deal with skin problems.
  • Raw materials is a component of drugs against hepatitis and ARVI.
  • Long straws are used for weaving hats, as filling pillows, mattresses.

Features of growing and care

The planting process can be carried out both with the help of seeds and with the help of a part of a plant separated from the main shrub. If the seeds are planted, then in this case it is important to remember that the grown plant can be very different from the initial one, because the cultivated species are most often hybrid. Therefore, to obtain the desired result, reproduction is better by dividing the bush. The best time for this is spring or autumn season.

The best place for regular and abundant flowering of descamps is a place well-lit by the sun, the shadow area can impede this process in principle. As for the soil, thanks to its unpretentious root system, the plant is able to develop in any soil in its composition, however, to achieve a more decorative form and a neat appearance, it is necessary to feed the soil with a small amount of mineral or organic fertilizers.

To plant a plant you need to dig a hole a little deeper than the size of the bush requires. Then set the desired part of the plant in the hole (a little deeper) and sprinkle with earth, after which it is important not to forget about abundant watering. The "newly minted" plant needs regular abundant moisture for the first 14 days, then it is worth watering when the summer weather does not particularly indulge in precipitation. It is worth remembering that in summer the grass of the pike is dormant, it is at rest, and if the plant is not given the necessary moisture, then the usual autumn process of growth may not start at all.

In order to avoid self-seeding, it is necessary to remove the meadow grass from flower stalks and sometimes to cut the bump. If over time it seems bald, then it becomes necessary to separate it.

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